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Condoms reduce HIV infectivity by 78 percent. Journal of Infectious Diseases February 1, 2012 205 (3)
US FDA has approved the human papilloma virus vaccine Gardasil for use in males and females ages 9 to 26 to prevent anal cancer. The vaccine is already approved for preventing cervical and vaginal cancer in women and genital warts in both sexes.
Risky sexual behavior is related to current depression in adult women. Sexually Transmitted Infections. Online: 5 November 2011
Men with varicoceles have significantly lower levels of testosterone, male sex hormone. Microsurgical varicocele ligation may increase the serum testosterone levels. Varicoceles, dilated veins in the scrotum, have long known to cause male infertility. BJU International advance online: 24 MAR 2011
Cutting back on sleep drastically reduces a healthy young man's testosterone levels. Five hours of sleep decreased the testosterone levels by 10% to 15%. Journal of the American Medical Association. June 1, 2011; 305 (21): 2173
Regular use of non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug is associated with erectile dysfunction. Journal of Urology 2011; 185: 1388Men whose index finger is longer than their ring finger have lower risk of developing prostate cancer. The length of the fingers is fixed before birth and is thought to relate to sex hormone levels in the womb. Exposure to less testosterone before birth results in a longer index finger and may protect against prostate cancer later in life. British Journal of Cancer advance online publication 30 November 2010
U.S. FDA has approved a new antidepressant vilazodone under the brand name Viibyrd. Vilazodone use did not cause significant sexual dysfunction and weight gain seen with many other antidepressants.
Women who start hormone therapy close to menopause are at greater risk of breast cancer than nonusers, whereas those who waited at least five years to begin therapy had no significant increase in risk. Journal of the National Cancer Institute 2011; 103: 296
Emergency contraceptive pill ulipristal acetate is effective 5 days after unprotected sexual intercourse. Ulipristal is approved for marketing in Europe under the brand name ellaOne. FDA approved the pill in USA in Jun 2010.
Copper-T intra uterine device, used for long-term birth control, is also a very effective as a form of emergency post-coital contraception. International Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology, online July 7, 2010
Obese men are more likely to report erectile dysfunction. Obese women are more likely to have unintended pregnancies. British Medical Journal; Jun 15, 2010
Sexual Dysfunction in women: Thirty percent of women with type 1 diabetes suffer sexual dysfunction like loss of libido, failure to reach orgasm, reduced lubrication and reduced arousal. Depression is a key predictor of sexual dysfunction in these patients. Diabetes Care, May 200
Avanafil: New drug of erectile dysfunction under study. It is an on demand drug like Viagra and Cialis. But, has quicker onset of action. Erection is achieved in 15 minutes. Avanafil is expected in the market by 2012.
Prostate cancer patients with small prostates have worse histopathological outcomes than their counterparts with large prostates. A small prostate (<40 cm3) - which are common in young men, may act as a "red flag" for treatment with surgery rather than observation. British Association of Urological Surgeons Annual Meeting; London, UK: October 2010
Erectile dysfunction is a strong warning sign that a man might be at increased risk for heart attack, stroke and other cardiovascular problems. Journal of the American College of Cardiology
Erectile Dysfunction occurs more commonly in patients with psoriasis, probably due to incipient atherosclerosis. British Journal of Dermatology October 2010